Natural gas and LNG technologies and supply chains

Training Course
  • Available in-house

This 4-day training course will provide delegates with an insight into the technologies and supply chains involved in the modern natural gas and LNG industries, through a series of presentations, case studies and exercises.

About this course:

Modern technologies and increasing infrastructure have enabled LNG to emerge from a strategic energy source into one that now competes in terms of price and supply with pipeline gas in most regions of the world. Global demand for gas and LNG is changing and diversifying significantly, particularly in Asia, the United States and Europe. In addition to traditional gas markets (i.e. use as a fuel for industry, space heating and power generation), gas and its natural gas liquid components are now being more widely used as feedstock for producing a range of high-value liquid fuels and petrochemicals. Through a series of presentations, case studies and exercises delegates are provided with insight to the technologies and supply chains involved in the modern natural gas and LNG industries.

Who should attend?

The course is pitched to appeal to professionals from a range of technical and commercial backgrounds and with varying levels of gas industry experience. There is a broad skill-set required for companies operating across the gas supply chains that include: petroleum resource managers, process and marine engineers, economics and commercial analysts, risk managers, contract, legal, strategic planning and finance professionals. This course is designed to address that skill-set and, with the aid of case studies, provide a global perspective to the industry, presenting numerous international case studies that illustrate the opportunities and threats confronting the natural gas and LNG industries. Technical sections of the course are presented in non-technical language to accommodate a multi-disciplined audience.

Course overview:

Day one: – Supply chains, industry development, processes and markets

  • Characteristics and properties of natural gas and LNG
  • Components of natural gas and LNG supply chains
  • Market segments, trends and forecasts for the industry
  • Competition LNG versus pipeline gas and shale gas
  • Case study: gas liquefaction plants in Qatar
  • Evolution of the LNG industry and markets
  • Japan and Korea LNG markets, contracts and pricing
  • Liquefaction process options: mixed refrigerant and cascade processes
  • Liquefaction plant cost components and trends
  • Phases of technology improvement and economies of scale
  • LNG Receiving terminal components and re-gasification and technologies
  • Case study UK LNG receiving terminals
  • LNG for long-term storage and peak shaving backup supplies

Day two: – Competition, Shipping, Storage and Gas Supply Strategies

  • The European gas import market: LNG and pipeline competition
  • LNG shipping technologies, vessels and market issues
  • Impacts of boil-off gas on LNG shipping economics
  • Shipboard regasification vessels (SRVs) and re-liquefaction options
  • Gas ports, ship to ship transfers and ships used for LNG storage
  • Onshore LNG storage tanks, stock and throughput issues
  • Price indexation and netback pricing
  • Economics of gas supply chains
  • Floating liquefaction (FLNG): competing technologies and emerging projects
  • North American LNG evolution and market impact of shale gas
  • Case study Russia – gas pipeline and LNG projects expand its global reach
  • Project planning, FEED and EPC contracting for liquefaction plants
  • Case study: gas exports from Trinidad and emerging projects in Colombia and Venezuela
  • Gas imports and regasification facilities in Argentina, Brazil, and Chile
  • North African gas liquefaction and pipeline projects (Algeria, Egypt and Libya)
  • Case study: gas liquefaction in Norway - Snøhvit

Day three: – Contracts, safety, finance and regional case studies

  • Gas project and supply contract structures and drivers
  • Take-or-pay, force majeure and operator’s liabilities
  • Review of gas and LNG sale and purchase agreement terms
  • Growing gas import markets in China and India
  • Gas liquefaction export project proposals, western and eastern Canada
  • Case study Alaska - LNG and gas pipeline aspirations
  • Environmental and safety issues for LNG facilities
  • Spark spreads: gas versus other power generation fuels
  • Liquefaction projects in West Africa: Angola, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea
  • LNG exports from Peru open up South American gas exports
  • LNG Facilities in UAE, Kuwait, Oman and Yemen
  • Operating and developing LNG projects: Australia – North West Shelf
  • Australia’s coal bed methane LNG export projects in Queensland
  • Papua New Guinea liquefaction project exports first LNG in 2014
  • Liquefaction facilities in south-east Asia: Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei
  • Iran’s spends more than a decade  negotiating potential gas export projects

Day four: – Gas resources and processes to monetise them

  • Shale gas resources of North America
  • Shale gas exploitation technologies and economics in the United States
  • Shale gas potential in other regions and their exploitation challenges
  • Technical and geopolitical issues for stranded gas resources
  • Gas-to-liquids (GTL)
  • Fischer-Tropsch (FT) and synthesis gas, products and providers
  • FT-GTL case studies (Malaysia, Qatar, Nigeria and South Africa)
  • Methanol, Dimethyl Ether (DME) and other petrochemical products
  • Increased roles for ethane and natural gas liquids as petrochemical feedstock
  • Catalysts, pilot plants, technical developments
  • Compressed natural gas (CNG) for bulk gas transportation
  • Gas hydrate resources and their potential
  • SWOT analysis of the global natural gas industry

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