Markets and investment

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Global energy investment totalled more than USD 1.9 trillion in 2021, with the power and end-user sectors attracting more investment than traditional fuel production

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read New Energy World.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Enthusiastic response to European Hydrogen Bank pilot auction

28/02/2024

The pilot auction proved so popular that the total support requested from the EC’s European Hydrogen Bank far exceeds the currently available budget o...

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Ship-based carbon capture demonstration pilot suggests capture rates up to 85% are achievable

28/02/2024

The SBCC demonstration project is being run by the EverLoNG international project consortium*. The technology was installed onboard the Seapeak Arwa, ...

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Global LNG demand is set to grow significantly beyond 2040, driven by Far East markets; plus African project news

21/02/2024

Shell’s LNG Outlook 2024 report notes that global trade in LNG reached 404mn tonnes in 2023, up from 397mn tonnes in 2022, with tight supplies of LNG ...

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Solvay completes coal phase-out at US Green River soda ash plant

21/02/2024

The Green River facility produces soda ash (sodium carbonate) and sodium bicarbonate from trona, a naturally occurring mineral. These products are use...

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European Commission targets tighter emissions reductions target

14/02/2024

The new target will need to be formally adopted by the next Commission after the EU elections this summer. However, this is expected to be ‘challengin...

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Events and training

EI LIVE I Technical Webinar: Green hydrogen

25/03/2024

Technical Webinar: Green hydrogenThe energy transition continues to drive global momentum behind limiting climate change. International efforts are un...

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Net Zero for Professionals - April 2024

22/04/2024 - 23/04/2024

This course provides a comprehensive, practical overview for those preparing their organisation for their net zero future.About:This 2 day classroom c...

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry - October 2024

14/10/2024 - 15/10/2024

A 2-day introduction to the economics of the oil and gas industry. This course is suitable for students who are new to the oil and gas industry.

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Introduction to LNG - October 2024

21/10/2024 - 22/10/2024

This 2-day training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-tech...

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Net Zero for Professionals - November 2024

18/11/2024 - 19/11/2024

This course provides a comprehensive, practical overview for those preparing their organisation for their net zero future.About:This 2 day classroom c...

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Technical guidance publications

Guidance on large-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) system design, development and operation

2023

Solar photovoltaic (PV), which converts sunlight into electricity, is an important source of renewable energy in the 21st century. PV plant installati...

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Research Report: Embedding circularity into the construction and decommissioning of assets (Phase 1)

2023

The guidance aims to enhance circularity in the construction and energy sectors, both onshore and offshore, by emphasising the reuse and recycling of ...

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Research report: Application of life cycle assessment methodology to the understanding of the energy balance and efficiency of hydrogen value chain building blocks

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.This publication explores the efficiencies of the hydrogen energy system and quantifies the ene...

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Waste to products – Technology and economic assessment (phase 1)

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.The EMG and Soil Wastes and Groundwater group (SWG) of the EI and Concawe have commissioned E4t...

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Guidelines for the assessment of ageing and life extension of non-metallic components in the offshore oil and gas industry, volume 2: composite equipment and repairs

2022

This document captures industry good practice, knowledge and learning on these elements of composite materials. This guidance will provide a star...

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