Markets and investment

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Global energy investment totalled more than USD 1.9 trillion in 2021, with the power and end-user sectors attracting more investment than traditional fuel production

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read New Energy World.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Carbon offset market could reach $1tn with ‘right rules’

01/02/2023

The total value of carbon offset credits produced and sold to help companies and individuals meet their decarbonisation goals could approach $1tn as s...

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US to boost annual renewables investment to $114bn by 2031

01/02/2023

‘The IRA will completely reshape the renewables supply chain in the US, incentivising the reopening of shuttered facilities as well as provide opportu...

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FPSO sets sail for Greater Tortue Ahmeyim project

01/02/2023

The FPSO set sail from Qidong, China, to travel 12,000 nautical miles via Singapore to its final destination in about 120 metres depth of water, aroun...

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Norwegian tax break will increase gas and oil supply to Europe

01/02/2023

Some 35 projects have been greenlighted in the last two and a half years as operators have been scrambling to get their plans of development and opera...

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BP predicts carbon emissions could fall more steeply than estimated previously

01/02/2023

This year’s report explores the key trends and uncertainties surrounding the energy transition out to 2050. The three main scenarios considered – ‘Net...

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Events and training

the Future of Solar in South East Asia

16/02/2023

Event details: Sembcorp is one of the leading providers of Solar PV installations in Singapore and has recently opened a 60MW Floating Solar Plant at ...

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Floating Solar Comes of Age

16/02/2023

The Energy Institute Singapore Branch is pleased to invite you to our upcoming event.

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The 11th Energy from Waste and Biomass Seminar

13/04/2023

This free to attend seminar will bring speakers together from the Energy from Waste and biomass sectors discussing technical (health, safety, environm...

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Oil & Gas Industry Fundamentals - Awareness - Nigeria

16/04/2023 - 20/04/2023

OIL & GAS INDUSTRY FUNDAMENTALS

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry - Nigeria

16/04/2023 - 20/04/2023

ECONOMICS OF OIL & GAS INDUSTRY TRAINING

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Technical guidance publications

Research report: Application of life cycle assessment methodology to the understanding of the energy balance and efficiency of hydrogen value chain building blocks

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.This publication explores the efficiencies of the hydrogen energy system and quantifies the ene...

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Waste to products – Technology and economic assessment (phase 1)

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.The EMG and Soil Wastes and Groundwater group (SWG) of the EI and Concawe have commissioned E4t...

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Guidelines for the assessment of ageing and life extension of non-metallic components in the offshore oil and gas industry, volume 2: composite equipment and repairs

2022

This document captures industry good practice, knowledge and learning on these elements of composite materials. This guidance will provide a star...

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IP 630: Determination of the concentration of dispersed particles in diesel fuel – Automatic Particle Counter (APC) Light Obscuration Method

2022

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Best available techniques (BAT): Good practice for the oil and gas industry

2022

This guidance has been produced to inform good practice when undertaking best available techniques (BAT) assessments for offshore combustion equipment...

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