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Global energy investment in 2017 totalled almost $1.8 trillion, accounting for 2.2% of global GDP

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read Petroleum Review.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Total expands Indian gas market partnership

14-10-2019
Total, the world's second-largest LNG player, is expanding its partnership with the Adani Group, the largest energy and infrastructure conglomerate in India, in order to further develop India’s natural gas market.The Indian natural gas market represents a substantial growth sector. Gas currently mee...

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Call to prioritise UK energy efficiency investment

11-10-2019
Several UK NGOs and businesses have published: Energy Efficiency First, a declaration calling on all political parties to make investment in home energy efficiency an infrastructure investment priority. The declaration says that to reach the UK’s legally binding net zero emission and fuel pover...

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Total to target distributed solar energy market in China

16-09-2019
Total and smart energy technology company Envision Group have created TEESS, a 50:50 joint venture company, to develop on-site distributed generation solar projects for B2B (business-to-business) customers in China.TEESS claims its combination of distributed solar energy systems and digital solar en...

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Final investment decision made on Arctic LNG 2 project

6-09-2019
Novatek and its partners have approved a final investment decision (FID) for the $21.3bn Arctic LNG 2 project, which comprises the development of the Utrenneye field and the construction of a natural gas liquefaction plant on the Gydan Peninsula in the Russian Arctic region.The installation of three...

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LPG market’s long road back to balance

28-08-2019
This winter, new infrastructure will enable the US and Canada to export up to 1.6mn b/d of LPG to the global market, creating a mismatch between supply and demand, according to ESAI Energy’s newly released Global NGL 12-month Outlook. With robust production growth and plenty of excess inventori...

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Events and training

Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry - October 2019

29-10-2019
This 2-day course introduces the economics that drive the oil and gas industry. Participants in this course will learn about the oil and gas value chain and will consider the costs, revenues and risk associated with various stages in the chain. Basic economic principles such as Net Present Valu...

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Introduction to LNG - November 2019

7-11-2019
This 2-day training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-technical background.

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CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management - December 2019

3-12-2019
This 4-day CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management training course will teach delegates how to acquire updated and practical knowledge in risk management from a quantitative approach to measure, analyse and make decisions.

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CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management - June 2020

1-06-2020
This 4-day CQRM - Certified in Quantitative Risk Management training course will teach delegates how to acquire updated and practical knowledge in risk management from a quantitative approach to measure, analyse and make decisions.

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Oil and Gas Industry Fundamentals - Awareness - September 2020

10-09-2020
This 2-day awareness training course provides delegates with an overview of principal activities in the international upstream, midstream and downstream petroleum industry.

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Technical guidance publications

Proceedings of the 20th World Petroleum Congress. Energy Solutions for All: Promoting Cooperation, Innovation and Investment. 4-8 December, 2011, Doha, Qatar

2012
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Financial investment in energy efficiency

2008
Taken from Croner's Energy Management loose-leaf manual, this 30-page module identifies a number of accountancy techniques to help energy managers quantify potential savings by investing in energy efficiency. It outlines the basic principals of investment appraisal, explains the barriers to investin...

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