Markets and investment

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Global energy investment totalled more than USD 1.9 trillion in 2021, with the power and end-user sectors attracting more investment than traditional fuel production

Energy markets focus on the trade and supply of electricity, gas and liquid fuels. They consist of three main elements: generation or production, transmission and distribution, and supply. Once electricity is generated or gas and oil is produced, it is sold on the wholesale market to suppliers, who sell it on to consumers and arrange for its delivery. It is distributed to homes and businesses through transmission and distribution systems. Depending on a country’s government policy, these elements of energy markets may be nationalised or privatised. Energy markets are closely regulated to ensure secure access to energy at fair prices, since energy is a necessity for sustained economic output and human welfare. Energy markets in the UK are privatised and regulated by the Office of Gas and Electricity Markets (Ofgem), which is responsible for protecting the interest of consumers by promoting fair competition. UK energy markets have recently experienced significant changes due to diversification of electricity generation through the rise of renewable energy sources, as well as the addition of many new suppliers.

Around the world, investments in the energy system are shifting, with increasing funds flowing into renewables, grid flexibility mechanisms, and low carbon transport. An appropriate policy and regulatory environment is required for continued investment towards a low carbon economy while maintaining energy security. The low carbon transition often requires the government to drive and guide private spending since investments in low carbon energy infrastructure are often capital-intensive and require long-term returns. There is growing need for new market structures to be defined and existing ones to play different roles in order to encourage low carbon investments across all sectors of energy, while also keeping the energy system stable and conventional sources flowing. Increased interconnection is also an option for moving towards more sustainable and cost-effective energy systems; integration of national energy systems through cross-border infrastructure can redefine investment agendas.

Learn more about markets and investment by reading our Energy Insights.

For the latest news and articles on energy pricing read New Energy World.

View upcoming finanace and investment consultations and policies on our Policy Milestones Calendar.

What's new?

Wind and solar top 10% of global power generation for first time

28/09/2022

However, coal-fired power and emissions jumped to new highs in 2021 as the global economy regained its footing following the COVID-19 pandemic, says B...

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UK government plans to cut business energy bills and bolster domestic energy security

28/09/2022

A new Energy Bill Relief Scheme will provide a discount on the wholesale price of gas and electricity. Equivalent to the Energy Price Guarantee put in...

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First ever global registry of fossil fuels launched, while North Sea emissions continue to fall

28/09/2022

Launched by Carbon Tracker and Global Energy Monitor, the Global Registry of Fossil Fuels suggests that producing and combusting the world’s fossil fu...

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International ‘collaboration gap’ threatens to undermine progress on climate commitments and delay net zero by decades

28/09/2022

Against the backdrop of the energy crisis and the threat of a global food crisis, the inaugural Breakthrough Agenda Report from the International Ener...

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New European measures to tackle energy market volatility

21/09/2022

In her State of the Union speech before the members of the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France, last week, European Commission (EC) President Ur...

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Events and training

Energy Policy Debate | Security of Supply, Systemic High Pricing Issues & Current Events

17/10/2022

Energy Policy Debate: Autumn Debate | Security of Supply, Systemic High Pricing Issues & Current Event Flexibility  Looking forward, not...

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EI LIVE Oil and Gas Mergers & Acquisition: Acquiring and Divesting Assets and Companies

24/10/2022 - 26/10/2022

This 3-day virtual online training course focuses on integrating an understanding of Mergers & Acquisition (M&A) activity trends, the pro...

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Introduction to LNG - November 2021

07/11/2022 - 08/11/2022

This 2-day training course provides an introduction to the LNG chain. Suitable for students who are new to the LNG sector and/or those with a non-tech...

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Economics of the Oil and Gas Industry - November 2022

14/11/2022 - 15/11/2022

A 2-day introduction to the economics of the oil and gas industry. This course is suitable for students who are new to the oil and gas industry.

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Technical guidance publications

Research report: Application of life cycle assessment methodology to the understanding of the energy balance and efficiency of hydrogen value chain building blocks

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.This publication explores the efficiencies of the hydrogen energy system and quantifies the ene...

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Waste to products – Technology and economic assessment (phase 1)

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.The EMG and Soil Wastes and Groundwater group (SWG) of the EI and Concawe have commissioned E4t...

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Guidelines for the assessment of ageing and life extension of non-metallic components in the offshore oil and gas industry, volume 2: composite equipment and repairs

2022

This document captures industry good practice, knowledge and learning on these elements of composite materials. This guidance will provide a star...

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IP 630: Determination of the concentration of dispersed particles in diesel fuel – Automatic Particle Counter (APC) Light Obscuration Method

2022

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Engaging contractors: Partnership approaches to improving safety in the power industry

2022

This publication was developed in response to demand from operators and contractors within the power generation sector, recognising that the safe and ...

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