Transport

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Transport sector accounts for almost 30% of all energy consumption globally

Whether moving freight or passengers, transportation plays a major role in our society and economy. There are broadly four different modes of transport – air, road, rail and marine. Demand for transport has been rapidly increasing along with economic growth and is expected to continue to do so well into the future. Currently, the transport sector is one of the largest sources of both greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution because of its heavy reliance on energy-dense oil products, mainly petrol and diesel. Despite the strong pressures to move away from hydrocarbons due to the need to mitigate climate change and national plans to reduce reliance on fuel imports, there has so far been limited success in shifting towards a low carbon transport sector, especially in comparison to achievements in electricity. Shifting to lower carbon fuels in transport is a difficult task since neither batteries nor hydrogen can yet provide energy density levels high enough to substitute for oil products in some use cases. However, policy initiatives in the UK and worldwide are facilitating the shift to lower carbon means of transport, including financial incentives for buying low-emission cars, and various bans announced on future sales of petrol and diesel cars.

A transformation of the transport sector is underway, characterised mainly by three trends: electrification, shared mobility and automation. Widespread integration of electric vehicles to the energy system is expected to have significant systemic impacts, as it can allow the roll-out of smart charging at scale; this can provide additional flexibility for managing the electrical grid. Though this transformation is driven by technological developments and market forces, these changes present opportunities to achieve a more sustainable transportation sector. There is particular potential to reduce transport emissions through changes such as modal shift, behavioural change, vehicle efficiency improvements, the use of low carbon fuels, and new business models.

Learn more about transport by exploring our Energy Insights.

For the latest news and articles on the transport sector read New Energy World.

View our dedicated Collection on Road Fuels.

What's new?

Thailand signs first long-term US LNG deal

03/08/2022

The sale and purchase agreement (SPA) calls for a combination of free-onboard (FOB) and delivered ex-ship (DES) deliveries,* a customised structure re...

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European Space Agency going green with launch of Spaceport hydrogen plan

03/08/2022

The project – known as HYGUANE (HYdrogène GUyanais A Neutralité Environnementale) – aims to establish a pilot plant within the Spaceport capable of pr...

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BP opens electric truck charging facility and unveils new EV infrastructure and green hydrogen production plans

03/08/2022

Operated by BP’s Aral brand, the retail site at Schwegenheim in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, now has two 300 KW ultra-fast chargers intended for electric...

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Solid state batteries could further boost climate benefits of EVs

27/07/2022

Batteries are the fastest growing storage technology and will be crucial in helping the European Union (EU) meet its decarbonisation goals, especially...

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The sky isn’t the limit as the UK strives to reach net zero

27/07/2022

The new Jet Zero strategy commits UK domestic aviation to achieving net zero emissions by 2040 and for all airports in England to be zero emission by ...

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Events and training

Delivering Safety Culture Change using the Hearts and Minds Toolkit - October 2022

11/10/2022 - 13/10/2022

This 3-day interactive classroom course with certificate, will teach delegates the fundamentals of improving safety culture using the award-winning He...

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Human Factors Foundation - October 2022

17/10/2022 - 21/10/2022

This 5-day virtual learning course delivers a comprehensive introduction into human factors for non-specialists. It provides a practical, engaging and...

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Reservoir Microbiology Forum (RMF) 2022

16/11/2022 - 17/11/2022

The RMF is an excellent multi-disciplinary platform that brings together oil producers, scientists, technologists, engineers, academics and researcher...

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EI LIVE | Toolbox presents | Road safety - What can we learn from previous incidents?

06/12/2022

Join this free webinar where our industry speakers will explore several hazards associated with driving for work, share lessons learned from previous ...

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Technical guidance publications

Properties and their derivations of commercial transport fuels

2022

The battles for the cleanness and temperature rise limitation of the atmosphere involve the development of a range of alternative fuels that are both ...

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Waste to products – Technology and economic assessment (phase 1)

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.The EMG and Soil Wastes and Groundwater group (SWG) of the EI and Concawe have commissioned E4t...

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Research report: Application of life cycle assessment methodology to the understanding of the energy balance and efficiency of hydrogen value chain building blocks

2022

This document is free to download for registered users.This publication explores the efficiencies of the hydrogen energy system and quantifies the ene...

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Investigation insights - Tool 2: An investigator's role

2022

This purchase only includes chapter 3 of the Investigation insights toolkit.  Alternatively, the full toolkit can be purchased in one p...

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Investigation insights: A toolkit for leaders and investigators

2022

The Stichting Tripod Foundation is a non-profit organisation dedicated to improving how organisations learn from incidents. Together with researchers ...

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