Transport

Join the EI» Manage your membership»
Join the EI» Manage your membership»

Transport sector accounts for almost 30% of all energy consumption globally

Whether moving freight or passengers, transportation plays a major role in our society and economy. There are broadly four different modes of transport – air, road, rail and marine. Demand for transport has been rapidly increasing along with economic growth and is expected to continue to do so well into the future. Currently, the transport sector is one of the largest sources of both greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution because of its heavy reliance on energy-dense oil products, mainly petrol and diesel. Despite the strong pressures to move away from hydrocarbons due to the need to mitigate climate change and national plans to reduce reliance on fuel imports, there has so far been limited success in shifting towards a low carbon transport sector, especially in comparison to achievements in electricity. Shifting to lower carbon fuels in transport is a difficult task since neither batteries nor hydrogen can yet provide energy density levels high enough to substitute for oil products in some use cases. However, policy initiatives in the UK and worldwide are facilitating the shift to lower carbon means of transport, including financial incentives for buying low-emission cars, and various bans announced on future sales of petrol and diesel cars.

A transformation of the transport sector is underway, characterised mainly by three trends: electrification, shared mobility and automation. Widespread integration of electric vehicles to the energy system is expected to have significant systemic impacts, as it can allow the roll-out of smart charging at scale; this can provide additional flexibility for managing the electrical grid. Though this transformation is driven by technological developments and market forces, these changes present opportunities to achieve a more sustainable transportation sector. There is particular potential to reduce transport emissions through changes such as modal shift, behavioural change, vehicle efficiency improvements, the use of low carbon fuels, and new business models.

Learn more about transport by exploring our Energy Insights.

For the latest news and articles on the transport sector read New Energy World.

View our dedicated Collection on Road Fuels.

What's new?

Major battery swapping network aims to ‘transform mobility’ in India

12/06/2024

The joint venture expects to scale up to more than 10,000 battery swapping stations across more than 40 Indian cities over the next three years to fac...

Read more »

New developments to boost Europe’s hydrogen value chain

05/06/2024

The EC has approved, under European Union (EU) state aid rules, a fourth Important Project of Common European Interest (IPCEI) to support research, in...

Read more »

Australia’s first eight-hour battery to be co-located at NSW solar farm

05/06/2024

RWE’s eight-hour lithium-ion battery energy storage system (BESS) was the only successful project in NSW’s first long duration storage long-term energ...

Read more »

Trial carbon capture unit begins operating at Belgian steelworks

29/05/2024

The pilot carbon capture unit will operate for one to two years to test the feasibility of progress to full-scale deployment of the technology, which ...

Read more »

Europe adopts key energy market reforms

29/05/2024

The EU says that the changes provide further tools to reach its energy and climate targets under the European Green Deal. The updated gas market frame...

Read more »

Events and training

Delivering Safety Culture Change using the Hearts and Minds Toolkit - October 2024

08/10/2024 - 10/10/2024

This 3-day interactive classroom course with certificate, will teach delegates the fundamentals of improving safety culture using the award-winning He...

Read more »

Human Factors Foundation - November 2024

04/11/2024 - 08/11/2024

This 5-day course delivers a comprehensive introduction into human factors for non-specialists. It provides a practical, engaging and interactive back...

Read more »

Reservoir Microbiology Forum (RMF)

13/11/2024 - 14/11/2024

Abstract deadline: 8 July 2024For your chance to present to an international audience at this conference, simply fill in our online abstract form...

Read more »

Technical guidance publications

Energy Essentials: A guide to hydrogen

2024

Energy Essentials: A guide to hydrogenThis guide is written for everyday energy consumers. It sets out what hydrogen is; how it is made transported an...

Read more »

Research report: Global activities in hydrogen development

2024

This report covers various developmental activities across the hydrogen value chain, encompassing production, transportation/distribution, storage, an...

Read more »

Guidance on green and low carbon hydrogen production: plant design, construction, operation and maintenance, co-location and other considerations

2024

‘Hydrogen economy’ is an umbrella term used to describe the role that hydrogen plays in the broader economy, including as a fuel, as an en...

Read more »

Guidance on green and low carbon hydrogen production: plant design, construction, operation and maintenance, co-location and other considerations

2024

‘Hydrogen economy’ is an umbrella term used to describe the role that hydrogen plays in the broader economy, including as a fuel, as an en...

Read more »

Guidance for UK hydrogen safety case development onshore and offshore

2023

The good practice guidance was commissioned by the EI’s Safety Case Working Group for operators who wish to produce, transport, and store hydrog...

Read more »

You may also be interested in

Aviation fuel collection

The EI's Aviation Fuel Collection contains further reading, technical publications, training opportunities and contacts relating to aviation fuel.

Road fuels collection

Read through The Retail Marketing Survey (RMS), published annually by the EI in Petroleum Review. DIscover further information, technical guidance and training related to road fuels